PRESENTER/CONTACT: Chuck O’Neill, email@example.com.
SUBJECT: Foreign Policy Section in the Peace and Non Violence
chapter. The involved Ten Key Values of the Greens are non-violence,
personal & global responsibility, and economic justice.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The current CAGP Foreign Policy plank is
out of date and requires revision. This is the first
consideration at a CAGP plenary. Changes to the previous text are
PROPOSAL: The Green Party supports democracy and self-determination
worldwide and promotes the U.S. ending its practice of economic and
political colonialism. U.S. foreign policy should emphasize promoting
other nations' self-sufficiency and self-determination, rather than
ensuring security for overseas American business interests and the
retention of military bases.
International business practices have taken advantage of countries lax
environmental and safety standards and a needy labor force that is
easily exploited. Such practices are often in conflict with local
efforts to establish work place democracy, and to address environmental
and safety problems.
The continuing establishment of bases and stationing of service
personnel overseas heightens global tensions and tends to make the U.S.
military a global police force. Together with economic leveraging, such
military presence assures that self-serving U.S. businesses will
encounter little resistance.
U.S. foreign aid programs under the U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID) and the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) have
promoted U.S. development methods without adequately examining their
feasibility, appropriateness or cultural implications for the host
country. Aid is given in inordinately greater amounts to countries that
are considered strategically important to the U.S.
Of the foreign aid that the United States distributes, the majority is
provided as military aid. This military aid is generally split between
training foreign military officers and providing U.S. weapons to
foreign governments. Both are basically cash handouts to our military
industry and do nothing to bolster a foreign country's economy or
living standards. The U.S. government's tradition of lax oversight of
such aid results in it being used to wreak havoc on the local populace.
Foreign aid is also commonly used to prop-up U.S. multinational
corporations by using aid money to buy goods from these companies and
then ship them to foreign countries. This is not only corporate
welfare, but it also invites conflicts of interest in public policy as
politicians are tempted to reward the companies that have supported
their reelections. It also creates a dependency of domestic
corporations on foreign policy decisions. Most of all, it robs the
recipient country of the opportunity to build up its own industry and
become self-sufficient in meeting the needs being addressed by foreign
The Greens believe in policies consistent with participatory democracy
and global responsibility:
1. Insist that U.S. corporations maintain foreign business practices
that don't jeopardize workers, damage their environment or interfere
with their government, and a wage adequate for living.
2. Negotiate a General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (GATT) that
promotes the economic development and self-sufficiency of recipient
countries, rather than profitability for the G-8 countries. [see
International Trade Agreements section above]
3. Reevaluate our government's aid practices (USAID, for example) by
emphasizing appropriate-level technologies, ecologically sustainable
infrastructures and business projects, cultural sensitivity, and
monetary aid consistent with countries' real needs.
4. Encourage U.S. cities to develop municipal foreign trade policies
centering around local trade agreements, "sister city" arrangements,
and cultural exchange programs.
5. Support and endorse United Nations (U.N.) conventions. We believe
that the U.N. should be used for its intended purpose: it should act as
an impartial, democratic, multilateral body to maintain world order.
This will require some fundamental changes in the U.N. Charter,
starting with the elimination of Veto Power for any member of the
Security Council. The U.N. should have a U.N. Civilian Police Corps,
and an independent source of financing that is not easily blocked by
the whims of one or two national
U.S. should help the U.N by paying its dues on time, abiding by all
U.N. resolutions, and helping U.N. forces to maintain peace
and enforce its resolutions. The
U.S should not provide aid to any country not abiding by
all U.N. resolutions nor should it take military action without the
approval of the U.N. An ideal U.N. should require that all
nations be represented by an approved democratically selected
representative or elected directly.
At the same time, an effective U.N. requires participation by all
the world's nations, including those governed by military
dictatorships, plutocracies, theocracies, or various forms of
democracy. The Green Party recognizes we do not live in an ideal world
and that the U.N. will have to deal with undemocratic and recalcitrant
nations. At the same time, without
interfer - ing in the internal affairs of its
members, the U.N. should do what it can to promote democratic
representation by its member
countries. The U.N. should
interfere in the internal affairs of its members only as an
independent police force, as mediator when violent conflicts arise, as
a provider of help after disasters, to solve refugee problems when
needs are not clearly met, or to enforce U.N. resolutions.
6. Close all foreign military bases as soon as possible and
clean up any toxic wastes left behind. Fair and responsible business
practices would eliminate the need for such bases.
7. Military foreign aid should be discontinued. Any monetary
foreign aid distributions should be provided as cash payments to
foreign governments, or reliable non-government agencies. Recipient
countries should have more authority in deciding how the money is
spent, rather than simply using it to purchase U.S. domestic goods. All
foreign aid should be based on the improvement of democracy and general
living standards and/or to reduce overall suffering in the recipient
8. We support use of the International
Criminal Court (I.C.C.) as better than war in solving
problems in international
relations. The I.C.C. provides an
opportunity for fair and open trial of individuals ac
- cused of crimes against
humanity. The I.C.C. includes most
of the provisions of the U.S. Bill of
Rights. Persons suspected of being
terrorists should be tried as individuals in
the I.C.C. , and if
guilty, they should be punished as individuals. No country
should invade, occupy, bomb, or kill the people of another country
because some international criminals reside or are located in that
country. The U.S. Senate should ratify the I.C.C. treaty.